Preparing and pouring the SDS gelMix together all components except for APS and TEMED first. Make sure the Urea is completely dissolved by moving the solution at 150 rpm for about 15 minutes.To make the pockets in the collection gel more visible, use gel buffer with added bromphenole blue dye. ABC1ComponentRunning gelCollection gel2Urea4,8 g-3Acrylamid2,9 ml0,7 ml4Gel buffer4,7 ml1,53 ml5H2O3,8 ml4 ml6APS88 \u00b5l100 \u00b5l7TEMED10 \u00b5l10 \u00b5lMix 1 ml of running gel (without APS and TEMED) with 2 \u00b5l TEMED and 20 \u00b5l APS to create a quickly-polymerising stop gel. Quickly pipette into gel chamber until the bottom of the chamber is filled evenly. This will prevent the slower hardening running gel form leaking out of the chamber.Add APS and TEMED to the running gel and mix by inverting the tube. Pipette ca. 5 ml in to the gel chamber and pipette ca. 500 \u00b5l of Isopropanol on top of the running gel to exclude air. When the running gel is fully polymerised, remove all isopropanol by pouring it out and then drying the corners of the gel with some absorbant paper.Add the APS and TEMED to the Collection gel and pipette it on top of the running gel until the chamber is filled.Quickly add the gel comb to the still-liquid gel and push it to the desired depth.Let the gel polymerise fully. It can be stored in wet paper in the fridge for a few days until use or used immediately.Running an SDS gelPrepare your protein solutions by incubating them with 5x Protein loading dye containing SDS for 30 minutes at 50\u00b0C to denature the proteins. They can be stored on ice until putting them on the gel or used directly. Use about 20 \u00b5g of protein if you intend to dye the gel with Coomassie blue. Use about 3 \u00b5g for a western blot.Put the SDS gel into the appropriate chamber and fill the middle of the chamber with cathode buffer and the bottom of the chamber with anode buffer. Gently pull out the comb from the gel.Use a pipette or a needle to straighten out the pockets in the gel and flush them with buffer.Pipette your denatured protein solutions into the pockets.Run the Gel at a constant 45 mA for about 90 minutesCoomassie Blue DyeRemove the gel from the chamber and the glass and put it into a small tub. Add fixation solution and incubate at 150 rpm for 5 minutes. Recycle fixation solution afterwards.Add Coomassie Blue Dyeing solution and incubate at 150 rpm for 5-10 minutes. Recycle coomassie blue afterwards.Add fixation solution and incubate at 150 rpm for several hours or over night. Pour this solution into the coomassie blue trash afterwards.Add Water to get the gel back into its orignal size, incubate for at least 10 minutes.Image the gel in a GelDoc.