This protocol can be used to dissociate adult human kidney \u201con ice\u201d - maintaining authentic gene expression profiles. It was designed using a mix of Collagenases (Type 4, and A) which provide broad proteolytic activity, but preferentially cleave extracellular bonds, largely leaving cells intact. The total incubation time is 1 hour 20 minutes divided into two layers. At the end of the procedure, RBC lysis is performed. The total yield at the end of the procedure is ~1200 (non-RBC) cells released per mg tissue with 87% viability.In the digest mix, there is trypsin inhibitor from soybean which is designed to limit the activity of tryptic proteins in the collagenase mix which can damage the integrity of the cell. There is also 5 mM CaCl2, an activator of collagenase activity, in addition to DNAse - which chews up DNA released from dead cells, reducing cell clumping. The dissociation itself it carried out in two layers. The first layer is 30 minutes and includes trituration and shaking. After this layer, tissue clumps are settled for 1 min, and the supernatant containing released cells is removed and filtered using a 30 \u00b5M filter and rinsed with ice-cold PBS-BSA. This helps to preserve the integrity of released cells while continuing the digest clumps of undissociated cells. To the residual clumps, an additional 1 mL of enzyme mix is added and the digestion is continued for 50 additional minutes (1 hr 20 mins total time).